Hajj and Umrah according to the The Quran and The Sunnah
(وأذن في الناس بالحج يأتوك رجالاً وعلى كل ضامر يأتين من كل فج عميق)
(and proclaim to mankind Al-hajj (pilgrimage), they will come to you on foot and on every lean camels, they will come from every deep and distant(wide) mountain highway (to perform Hajj) surah Al-hajj(22) verse#27
(ولله على الناس حج البيت من إستطاع إليه سبيلاً)
(and Hajj (pilgrimage to Makkah ) to the house(Kabah) is a duty that mankind owes to Allah)
Surah Al-Imran verse#97
Hajj and Umrah are compulsory once in a lifetime upon every Muslim who is able.
Who should go to Hajj and Umrah?
1-To be a muslim
2-To have reached puberty
3-To be of sound mind
4-To be free(not a slave)
5-To have the financial and physical means
6-To have a mahram (for women)
Umrah is only tawaf and Saee, can be done all over the year except the Umrah of the hajj, must be done in the moths of Hajj which are shawal, thulqidah and thuilhijjah.
Types of Hajj:
Tamatu is Umrah and hajj with gab of time between them and
two Ihram, one for Umrah and one for Hajj, Tamatu is the best way of Hajj.
Qiran is Umrah and Hajj combined together with one Ihram
Ifrad is single Hajj only, for people who made Umrah in the past
Advice for those about to perform Hajj
These are some pieces of advice and useful points which I offer to our brothers and sisters about to make Hajj.
Firstly. The pilgrim must fear his lord by obedience to Him, and must be very careful not to fall into that which Allaah has forbidden as Allaah ta'la says:
<>[Surat-al-Baqarah ayah 197]
And the prophet (PBUH) said: "He who performs Hajj and does not speak obscenely or commit evil then he returns from his sins just as the day his mother gave birth to him", and if he did so then his Hajj would be accepted and Rasoolullaah said: "The accepted Hajj - there is no less a reward for it than Paradise.(1) So he must be aware of what many are affected by because of their ignorance or misguidance:
(A) Directing any form of worship to other than Allaah (shirk). And we have seen many of the people falling into shirk - like praying fro the removal of distress or aid from the Prophets and the pious instead of from Allaah alone, and their taking oath by them in veneration of them - so by their actions they completely nullify their Hajj. As Allaah ta'ala says:(Soorat-ul-Zumar ayah 65)
(B) Some men shaving off their beards - as it is a sinful deed - and doing it involves four seprate sins - as I have explained in 'The Original'.
(C) The wearing of gold rings by men - and this is Haraam - even more so those which are known as wedding-rings as that includes the further sin of imitating the Christians.
Secondly. You must not leave off staying the night at Mina on the night before 'Arafah as it is obligatory (waajib) - the Prophet did it and ordered it with his saying: "Take from me your rites of pilgrimage." And you must also stay the night at Muzdalifah until you pray Fajr prayer, and if you miss this staying then you must at least pray Fajr there - as that is even more obligatory - rather it is one of the rukn (pillar) of Hajj according to the most correct saying according to the scholars - except upon the woman and the weak - for it has been allowed for them to leave after half of the night has passed.
Thirdly. And be very careful not to walk directly in front of anyone praying in the Haraam mosque, not to speak of other mosques and praying places as the Prophet said: "If the one walking between the hands of one praying knew what were upon him then it would be better for him to stand still for forty (...) than that he should walk between his hands. [Maalik, al-Bukhaaree, Muslim, the 4 Sunan of Abu Juhaim]. And this is a general text covering everyone walking in front, and everyone praying - and there is no authentic Hadith to make any exception for the one doing so in the Haraam Masjid - and you should pray therein like any other place towards a sutrah - according to the general nature of the Hadith regarding that - and there are also some narrations from the Companions particularly about the Masjid-ul-Haraam - which I have mentioned in 'The Original'.
Fourthly. The people of knowledge should teach the pilgrims the rites of Hajj and its commands according to the Book and the Sunnah whenever meeting with them, and that should not stop them from calling to Tawheed which is the essence of Islaam and was the reason for sending of the Prophets, and the sending down of revealed books, as most of the people whom we have met - even some of those who are supposed to be seeking knowledge - we have found to be in complete ignorance of the real meaning of oblivious to the necessity of the return of the Muslims - upon their differing madhabs (schools of thoughts) and various parties - to unification and joining ranks upon the basis of the Book and the Sunnah, - in belief (Aqeedah) and Regulations (AHkaam) and transactions, and behaviour, and politics and economic affairs and all other aspects of life. And they must remember that any voice raised or any movement made to reform which is based upon any foundation other than this firm splitting and weakening of the Muslims - and will increase their shamefulness and humiliation - and the present state of affairs is the greatest proof of that - and Allaah is the One Whose help is sought.
And there is nothing wrong with debating in the best way - when required, as the kind of argumentation that is forbidden in Hajj is useless argument which is also forbidden outside Hajj, just like the eveil-doing that is forbidden in Hajj - for that is not the debating which is commanded in Allaah ta'ala's saying [Soorat-un-Nahi aya 125].
However, it should be noticed that if it appears that there is no benefit in the discussion because of the other persons blindly sticking to his madhab or own opinion - and if he were to continue then there is fear of going into that which is not permissible - then it is better to leave that argument with him as the Prophet said: "I am a claimant for a house in the outskirts of Paradise for one who leaves off arguing even if he is in the right...(6)
And the one who is inviting to the truth should always make things easy for the people in general and the pilgrims in particular as this making things easy is one of the principles of the kind of Sharee'ah - as is known - as long as there is no text against the point, for when there is a specific text then it is not permissible to make things easy by opinion. And this is the just and middle way which it is binding for every caller to the truth to adopt. And there is no need to take any notice to the people's objecting after that and saying: He is too strict, he is too lenient.
And there are various actions which are permissible for the pilgrims which they have become used to avoiding due to some people's fatawa going against the aforementioned principle. So I decided to make note of those:
1. Bathing, without need to because of (e.g.) wet dreams (iHtilaam), even if it involves rubbing the head - as it is authentically reported from the Prophet in Bukhaaree and Muslim and others from the narration of Aboo Ayyoob (RH).(7)
2. Scratching the head, even if some hair falls out as shown by the preceding hadith of Aboo Ayyoob - and it is the saying of Shaikhul-Islaam Taimiyya (RH). 3. Cupping/Blood-letting (iHtijaam) even if some of the hair is shaved off in the place required, as the Prophet had it done on the center of his head while in iHraam - and that is not possible without shaving some of the hair. And this is also the saying of Ibn Taymiyyah - and the Hanbali scholars also
4. Smelling sweet smelling plants and pulling off broken nails - and there is narrations about that mentioned in 'The Original'.
5. Wearing a belt around to hold the izaar (Ihram) and tying it when necessary, and wearing rings - as occurs in some narrations. And like it is wearing a watch or spectacles and money-pouch around the neck.
All of those things fall under the aforementioned principle - furthermore some of them also being supported by hadith from the Prophet, or by narrations from the Companions - and Allaah ta'ala says: [Soorat-ul-Baqarah ayah 185].
And all praise is for Allaah Lord of the worlds.
Assuming Iharaam (Ihraam is the state entered into at the Meeqat in which certain acts and types of clothing are forbidden).
1. It is better for anyone going for Hajj or 'Umrah to take a ghusl (bath) for Ihraam - even if a woman is in her period or in after-birth confinement.
2. Then the men wear white clothes that are not made in the shape of the body – So he wears a ridaa (upper garment) and izaar (lower garment), and sandals or any footwear that does not cover the ankle-bone, he does not wear a hat or a turban or anything like that which fits onto and covers the head - this referring only to men.
3- As for the women – her Ihram would be her own normal garment, she does not remove anything of the clothes that are prescribed for her in Islam, except that she should not tie on the niqaab(8) (face-veil) or the burqa' or the lithaam (lower face cover, up to the eyes) or handkerchief and she should not wear gloves(9). And the Prophet said : "The (male) muHrim should not wear the shirt, or the 'imaamah, or the hooded cloak, or trousers, or leather socks - unless he cannot find sandals) then in that case he may wear leather socks),(10)" and the Prophet said: "The woman who is muHrim should not affix a face veil and should not wear gloves(11). And it is permissible to cover her face - even if it touches her face according to the correct opinion - however, she should not tie it on, as Ibn Taymiyyah says.
4. He may put on the clothing of iHraam before the meeqat even in his own house as the Prophet and his Companions did. And this makes it easier for those making Hajj by airplane for whom it is not possible to put on iHramm at the meeqat - so it is permissible for them to embark on the plane in iHraam, but they do not make the intention of iHramm until very shortly before the meeqat - in order that they do not go past the meeqat without iHraam.
Ihraam and Niyya (intention)
5. So when he/she comes to the meeqat it becomes waajib (obligatory) for him/her to assume iHraam - and the mere wish and intention to perform Hajj is not sufficient as that has been with him since leaving his own land - rather he must perform by word and action what will cause him to be muhrim. If a woman reach meeqat while she still have her menstruation, she must say her niyah even without wodo or a bath and continue makkah and wait there till she becomes pure
6. And he/she does not say anything more than the talbiyyah such as their saying: "O Allah, I intend to make Hajj or `Umrah so make it easy for me and accept it from me..." as none of this is reported from the Prophet - just like speaking with the intention for wudoo and salaat and Fasting - all of this being from the newly invented matters and is well-known the Prophet said: "...for every newly invented matter is an innovation, and every innovation is a going astray and every going astray is in Hell_Fire." [Tirmidhee - saHeeh]
7. The meeqaats (places for assuming iHraam) are five: Dhul Hulaifah, Al-Juhfah, Qarn-ul manaazil, Yalamlam and Dhaatu `Irq. They are for those who live there and those who pass by them intending Hajj or 'Umrah. And he whose house is nearer than them to Makkah then he makes iHraam from his house, the people of Makkah making iHraam from Makkah.
DHUL HULAIFAH is the place for the people of Madinah and is a village six or seven miles away - and it is the furthest meeqaat from Makkah
And AL-JUHFAH is a village between Madinah and Makkah. It is the meeqat for the people of Madinah if they come by this route. Ibn Taimiyyah said: "It is the meeqaat for those who make Hajj from the direction of the west, like the people of Shaam (Greater Syria) and Egypt and the rest of the West. And it is today ruined and deserted, therefore the people now go into iHraam before it in the place called "Raabigh".
And Qarn UL MANAAZIL - is the meeqaat for the people of Najd or who ever comes from East.
And YALAMLAM is a place about thirty miles away from makkah and is the meeqaat for the people of Yemen or who ever comes from South
And DHAATU TRQ is a place out in the desert, marking the border between Najd and Tihaamah, being forty-two miles from Makkah. It is the meeqaat for the people of Iraq (north-east)
The Prophet's order to perform Hajj UT-TAMATTU
8. So when he wishes to make iHraam and is making Hajj-ul-Qirran, having brought the sacrificial animal with him, he should say: labbaikallaahumma bi-hajjah wa umrah
(Here I am O Allah making Hajj and `Umraah). So if he hasn't brought the sacrificial animal - and that is better - then he says talbiyyah for `Umrah only and that he must do, saying labbaikallaahumma bi-`umrah.
So if he has already made talbiyyah for Hajj only, he cancels that and makes it into an `Umrah - as the Prophet ordered that and also said: "I have entered the Hajj until the Day of Judgment" and he joined his fingers together (as in the Hadith that has preceded).
He also said: "O family of Muhammad - whoever from you makes Hajj, then let him say talbiyyah of an 'Umrah in Hajj(12)" and this is At-Tamattu' of `Umrah with Hajj.
9. And if he wishes when making talbiyyah he may state a condition to Allah fearing that which may prevent him (from completion of the Hajj) whether illness or fear - saying as the Prophet taught: allaahumma mahillee haithu habastanee
(O Allah my place is wherever you prevent me).(13) So if he does that and is then prevented or becomes ill - then he may leave iHraam of the Hajj or `Umrah - and there is no compensatory sacrifice due upon him and he does not have to do the Hajj again, except and unless it was his first Hajj - then he has to repeat it.
10. There is no special prayer for iHraam, however if it is time for prayer before iHraam, then he should pray and then put on iHraam following the example of the Rasoolullah who put on iHraam after obligatory prayer.
Prayer in waadee ul'aqeeq
11. However he whose meeqaat is Dhul Hulaifah - then it is mustahabb for him to pray there, not for iHraam, but because of the place and its being blessed. As al-Bukhaari has narrated from Umar - may Allah be pleased with him - who said : "I heard the Rasoolullah say in waadi ul 'Aqeeq:" "Someone came to me this night from my Lord and said: Pray in this blessed valley, and say `Umrah with Hajj(14)" And Ibn 'Umar narrates from the Prophet(PBUM): "...that he saw, when alighting for sleep at the end of the night in Dhul Hulaifah in the center of the valley, one saying to him: you are in the blessed stony ground."(15)
Talbiyyah and raising the voice
12. then he said he should stand(16) facing the Qiblah, and say talbiyyah for `Umrah or Hajj as has preceded, and say: allaahumma haadhihi hajjah, laariyaa'a feehaa wa laa sum'ah
(O Allah this is a Hajj, there being no ostentation in it or hypocrisy).(17)
13. And he should say the talbiyyah of the Prophet(PBUH):
(i) labbaikallaahumma labbaika labbaika laa shareeka laka labbaika-innal hamda wan na'mata laka wal mulka-la shareeka laka
(Here I am O Allah, here I am, there is no partner for You, here I am, Verily all praise for You, and every bounty is from You, and all dominion is Yours - You have no partner.)
(ii) And he also said: labbaika ilaahal haqq
(Here I am O God of Truth.)
14. And it is better to stick to the talbiyyah of the Prophet(PBUM)
15. And the one saying the talbiyyah is ORDERED to raise his voice with it, as the Prophet(PBUH) said: "Jibreel came to me and ordered me to ordered my companions and those with me to raise their voices with talbiyyah."(19) and he said: "the best Hajj is shouting out and spilling blood.(20)
Therefore the companions of the Prophet when they entered into iHraam, by the time they reached `arRauhaa' their voices had tired out.(21)
And the Prophet(PBUH) said: "It is as if I am looking at Musa, upon whom be peace, descending from the mountain pass raising his voice with talbiyyah..."(22)
16. And women, as regards the talbiyyah, are like men - as the two preceding hadith are general - so they should raise their voices as long as their is no fear of fitnah. And `Aa'ishah used to raise her voice until the men could hear her. Abu `Atiyyah said: "I heard `Aa'ishah saying: Verily I know how was the talbiyyah of Rasoolullah, then I heard her after that saying: Labbaikallaahumma labbaika..."(23)
And Qaasim ibn Muhammad said: Mu'aawiyyah went out at night and heard the voice of someone making talbiyyah, so he said: `Who is that?" It was said: "`Aa'ishah, Mother of the Believers, making `Umrah from at-Tan'eem." So that was mentioned to `Aa'ishah so she said: "If he had asked me I would have told him."(24)
17. And he continually repeats the talbiyyah as it is "from the signs of Hajj"(25) and because of the Prophet's saying: There is no one who makes talbiyyah except that whatever is on his right and left - trees and stones also make talbiyyah until the earth resounds from here and here - meaning - on his right and left."(26)
Especially whenever he ascends a high place or descends a valley - according to the hadith which has preceded: "It is as if I am looking at Musa - upon whom be peace - coming down from the mountain pass....loudly reciting talbiyyah" and in the other hadith: "It is if I am looking towards him when he descends in the valley reciting talbiyyah".(27)
18. And he may also recite along with it "La ilaaha illallaah" and talbiyyah according to the saying of Ibn Mas'ood may Allaah be pleased with him - "I went out Rasoolullah and he did not leave off the talbiyyah until he stoned Jamrat-ul' Aqabah - except when he mixed it with reciting talbiyyah? or "La ilaaha illallaah".(28)
19. So when he reaches the haram of Makkah and sees the houses of Makkah he leaves off the talbiyyah to concentrate on the following actions:(29)
Taking Ghusl for entring Makkah
20. And whoever can talk a ghusl (bath) before entering Makkah then he should do so. And he should enter Makkah in the day following the example of the Prophet (PBUH).(30)
21. And he is allowed to enter by any path as the Prophet said: All of the mountain passes of Makkah are a pathway and place for slaughter and in another hadith, All of Makkah is a pathway. He enters from here and leaves from here.(32)
22. So if you enter the masjid do not forget to enter by the right foot,(33) and say:(34)
allallhumma salli `alaa muhammadin wa sallim - allaahumma aftah lee abwaaba rahmatika or a'oodhu billaahil `azeemi wa biwajhihil kareem wa sultaanihil qadeemi minash shaitaanir rajeem.
Tawaaf of Quadoom (arrival)
23. Then he should go straight to the Black Stone and facing it make takbeer. And he may say `Bismillah' before it - as it is authentically reported from Ibn `Umar, although not from the Prophet.
24. Then he touches the Black Stone with his hand and kisses it IF POSSIBLE
25. If he is not able to kiss it then he touches it with his hand then kisses his hand.
26. Then if he cannot touch it he should make a sign towards it with his hand.
27. And he does that in every circuit.
28. And he should not push and crowd to get to it according to the Prophet's saying: O`Umar, you are a strong man, so do not harm the weak, and when you wish to touch it, then when it become free then touch it, and if not then face it and say takbeer.(38)
29. And there is in touching the Black Stone a great excellence as the Prophet said: "Allaah will raise up the Stone on the Day of Judgement, and will have two eyes with which it will see, and a tongue which it talks with, and it will give witness in favor of everyone who touched it in truth."(39) And he said: "Touching the Black Stone and the Yemeni corner removes sins."(40) "The Black Stone is from Paradise, and it used to be whiter that snow, but the sins of the idolaters turned it black."(41)
30. Then he should begin making tawaaf around the Ka'bah - it being to his left - and he goes around past the Stone seven times - from the Stone to the Stone being one, wearing the iHraam under his right armpit and over the left (called al-idtibaa')(42) throughout the tawaaf. And walking quickly (IF NOT CROWDY)and with boldness (ramal - a strong walk in which the shoulders are thrust forwards) in the first three, from the Stone to the Stone - then he walks normally in the rest.
31. And he touches the Yemeni corner with his hand each time he passes (IF POSSIBLE) and does not kiss it, and if he is not able to touch it then he should not make any sign towards it with his hand at all.
32. And he should say between the two corners: Rabbanaa aatinaa fid-dunyaa hasanatan wa feel aakhirati hasanatan wa qinaa 'adhaaban naar [Soorat-ul-Baqarah ayah 201]
(Our Lord! Give us good in this world and good in the Hereafter, and defend us from the torment of the Fire.)
Iltizaam Between The Corner And The Door
33. And he may cling to the place between the corner and the Door - placing his chest and face and forearms upon this place.(45)
34. And there is no particular Thikr for tawaaf - so he may read Qur'an or say any Thikr he likes, according to the Prophet's saying : Tawaaf around the House is prayer, except that Allah has allowed speech in it, so he who speaks then let him not say except, good things and in a narration : so let him limit his talk in it."(46)
35. And it is forbidden for a naked person or a mentruating woman to make tawaaf of the House, as he said : A naked person may not make tawaaf of the House."(47) And his saying to 'Aa'ishah when she came to make 'Umrah in the final Hajj : Do as anyone making Hajj does, except do not make tawaaf of the House (and do not pray) until you become clean.(48)
36. So when he finished the seventh round he covers his right shoulder and moves to the Place of Ibrahim and recites:
Wattakhidhoo min-maqaami ibraaheema musalla [Soorat-ul-Baqarah ayah 125]
(And take the Station of Abraham as a place of prayer.)
37. And he places the Maqaami Ibraheem (Place of Abraham) between himself and the Ka'bah and then prays two rak'ahs behind the place of Ibraheem if possible otherwise pray any where in Haram
38. And he recites therein after fatihah Surat-ul-Kaafiroon in first rakah and Surat-Qul Huwallaahu Ahad in second rakah
39. And he should not walk between the hands of any praying person there, nor allow anyone to walk in front of him while he is praying - as the hadith forbidding that (49)
40. Then after praying he goes to Zamzam and drinks thereof,and pours some of the water onto his head, as the Prophet (PBUH) said : "Zamzam water is for what it drunk for"(50) and he also said "It is blessed and it is a food and a cure for illness"(51) and he said : The best water upon the face of the earth is Zamzam water, in it is nourishment and a cure from illness.(52)
Sa'ee Between Safaa And Marwah
41. The he goes off for sa'ee between Safaa and Marwah (two small hills). And when he reaches the foot of Safaa he recite:
Innas-safaa wal marwata min sha'aa'irillaahi faman hajjal baita 'awi`tamara falaa janaaha 'alaihi an yattawwafa bihimaa wa man tatawwa'a khiran fa'innallaaha shaakirun 'aleemun [Soorat-ul-Baqarah ayah 158]
(Behold! Safa and Marwa are among the Symbols of Allah. So if those who visit the House in the Season or at other times should compass them round, it is no sin in them, and if any one obeys his own impulse to good, be sure that Allaah is He Who recognises and knows.)
and says: Nabda'u bimaa bada'allaahu bihi
(We begin with what Allaah began with.)
42. Then he begins with as-Safaa - climbing upon it until he can see the Ka'bah.(53)
43. Then he faces the Ka'bah - and makes tauheed of Allaah and takbeer, saying :(54)
Allaahu akbar allaahu akbar allaahu akbar - laa illaaha illallahu wahdau laa shareekalahu - lahul mul ku wa lahul hamdu - yuheeu wa yumeetu wa huwa 'alaa kulli shai'in qadeer - laa ilaaha illallahu wahdahu laa shareekalahu - anjaza wa'dahu wa nasara ' abdahu wa hazamal ahzaaba wahdahu
Saying that three times and making du'aa after each time.(55)
44. Then he descends for sa'ee between Safaa and Marwah, as Rasoolullah said : Make sa'ee as Allah has prescribed sa'ee for you.(56)
45. So he walks till he reaches the green sign-post - on the right and left - then runs quickly (RUNNING FOR MEN ONLY)till he reaches the next sign-post. And this place was in the time of the Prophet(PBUH) a dried river bed covered with small stones, and the Prophet said:(57) (The river bed is not crossed except with vigour.) Then he walks up to Marwah and ascends it and does upon it as he did upon as-Safaa - facing the Qiblah, saying takbeer and tahleel and making du'aa(58) and that forms one complete circuit.
46. Then he returns till he ascends as-Safaa - walking in the place for walking, and running in the place for running - and that is a second circuit.
47. Then he returns to Marwah - and so on till he completes seven circuits finishing upon Marwah.
48. And it is permissible for him to go between Safaa and Marwah While riding. However the Prophet preferred to walk.(59)
49. And if he makes du'aa in sa'ee, saying : Rabbighfir warham innaka antal a'azzul akram
(O lord forgive and have mercy,verily You are the Most Mighty, Most Noble) then there is no harm as it is authentically reported from a group of the Salaf.(60)
50. Then when he finishes from the seventh circuit upon al-Marwah he shortens the hair of his head(61) thus ending the 'Umrah - and everything that became forbidden to him upon entering iHraam now becomes permissible again - and he remains out of iHraam until Yaum ut-Tarwiyyah (8th Dhul-Hijjah).
Ihlaal (Calling Aloud With Tal-Biyyah) For Hajj On Yaum Ut-Tarwiyyah
51. So when it is Yaum ut-Tarwiyyah and that is the 8th of Dhul Hijjah - he puts on iHraam and calls out with the talbiyyah of Hajj, and does as he did when assuming iHraam for 'Umrah which he did from the meeqaat - as regards bathing and putting on perfume, and wearing the ridaa and izaar (upper and lower garments) and reciting talbiyyah - which he does not cease to do until he has stoned Jamrat ul-Aqaba (on 10th Dhul-Hijjah).
52. And he assumes iHraam form the place he is resident in - the people resident in Makkah doing so from Makkah.
53. Then he goes off to Minaa and prays there the Zuhr prayer and remains there, spending the night there and praying the rest of the five daily prayers - shortening them (to two ra'kahs) but without combining them.
Proceeding To 'Arafah
54. So after the sun rises on the Day of 'Arafah (9th Dhul-Hijjah) - he moves off towards 'Arafah (a large plain to the south-east of Makkah), while reciting talbiyyah
55. Then he stops at Namirah (63) - and it is a place near to 'Arafah but not forming part of it - and he remains there until noon.
56. Then he prays with the people Zuhr and 'Asr shortening and combining them in the time of the Zuhr prayer.
57. And one adhaan is given and two iqaamahs.
58. And he does not pray anything between the two prayers.(65)
59. And he who is not able to pray along with the Imaam - then he prays them in the same way on his own - or with those in similar situation around him.(66)
Standing In 'Arafah
60. Then he goes off to 'Arafah , all of 'Arafah is place of standing.
61. And he face the Qiblah, raising his hands making du'aa and reciting talbiyyah,
62. And he recites much 'La ilaha illallaah' as it is the best du'aa on the Day of 'Arafah as the Prophet said: The best thing that I and the Prophets have said on the evening of 'Arafah is Laa ilaha illallaahu wahdahu laa shareeka lahu, lahul mulk wa lahul hamdu wa huwa 'alaa kulli shay'in qadeer.(67)
63. And it is sunnah for the one who is in 'Arafah not to fast that day.
64. And he remains in that state, remembering Allaah reciting talbiyyah, making du'aa as he wishes - hoping from Allaah that He will make him one of those whom He boasts of (those whom He frees from Fire) to the Angels as occurs in the hadith :"There is no day on which Allaah frees more of His slaves from Fire than the Day of 'Arafah, and He verily draws near then boasts of them before the angles, saying :'What do they seek?' "(69) and in another hadith : "Verily Allaah boasts of the people of 'Arafah before the people of heaven (the angels), saying : 'Look to my servants who have come to Me disheveled and dusty.'"(70) and he remains in that state until the sun sets.
65. So when the sun has set he leaves 'Arafah for Muzdalifah - going with calmness and tranquility, not jostling or pushing the people with himself or his riding beast or his vehicle, rather whenever he finds room then he goes faster.
66. And when reaching Muzdalifah he gives adhaan and iqaamah then prays the three ra'kahs of Maghrib, then gives iqaamah and prays 'Ishaa - shortening it - and joining the two prayers.
67. And he does not pray anything between them or after 'Ishaa.(72)
68. Then he sleeps until Fajr.
69. Then when the dawn first appears he prays Fajr(the fard and the sunnah) in the first part of its time with adhaan and iqaamah.
Fajr Prayer In Muzdalifah
70. And all of the pilgrims pray Fajr prayer in Muzdalifah (a place between 'Arafah and Minaa) except the weak and the women - it being permissible for them to leave after half of the night has passed for fear of the crush of people.
71. Then he comes to the Mash'ar al-Haraam (a small mountain in Muzdalifah) and climbs upon it and faces the Qiblah - then recites takbeer, tahleel - and declares Allaah's Unity and makes du'aa until the sky becomes very bright, And all Muzdalifah is a place of standing - so wherever he stands then it is permissible.
72. Then he leaves from Muzdalifah going to Mina before the sun rises, calmly while reciting talbiyyah.
73. So when he comes to the valley of Mu-Hassir he hurries if possible - and it is a part of Minaa.
74. Then he takes the middle road which takes him to the Jamrat ul Aqabah.
The Stoning (Ar-Ramee) at the 10th of thulhijjah(Eid day)
75. And he picks up in Mina stones with which he intends to do the stoning of Jamrat-ul-'Aqabah - and it is the last of the Jamraat and the nearest one to Makkah.
76. And he faces the Pillar (Jamrah), having Makkah to his left and Mina to his right.
77. Then he stones it with seven small stones, which are similar to the chick-pea.
78. And he recites takbeer while throwing each stone.(73)
79. And he quits talbiyyah when throwing the last stone.(74)
80. And he he does not perform this stoning until after sunrise, even the women or weak who were allowed to leave Muzdalifah after half the night, as this is one thing and the stoning is something else.(75)
81. And he may perform this stoning after noon even up to the night if he finds difficulty in performing this stoning before noon as is established in the hadith.
82. So when he has stoned the Jamrah, shave the head and trimming about one centimeter from the end of each braid for women, everything becomes lawful for them again except sexual intercourse, even if he has not sacrificed - so he may wear his clothes and use perfume.
83. Then he comes to the place of sacrifice in Minna and sacrifices his animal or he may ask someone to do it on his behalf if he does not know how to it.
84. However, it is permissible for him to slaughter in any other part of Minna or Makkah as the Prophet said: I have slaughtered here and all of Minna is a place for slaughtering, and all of the mountain pass approaches, so slaughter on your place of stopping.(77)
85. And he should make the animal face the Qiblah when slaughtering(78), making it lie down on its left side And he says when slaughtering: Bismillaahi Wallaahu Akbar Al-Laahumma Inna Hadha Minka Wa Laka(82) Al Lahumma Taqabbal Minnee(83)
(In the name of Allah and Allah is greater. O Allah this is from You and for You. O Allah accept it from me.)
86.The time for slaughter is the four days of 'Eid - Yaum-un-Nahr, and that is called 'Yaum ul-Jajj-ul-Akbar' (Day of the greatest Hajj)(84) and the three days of Tashreeq, as the Prophet said: "All the days of Tashreeq are for sacrifice.(85)
87. And he may eat from the meat of his sacrificial animal and take some back with him to his land as the Prophet did.
88. And he should give some it to feed the poor and the needy as Allah ta'ala says:(86)
(The sacrificial camels We have made for you as among the Symbols from Allah: in them is (much) good for you: then pronounce the name of Allah over them as they line up (for sacrifice): when they are down on their side (after slaughter), eat ye thereof, and feed such as (beg not you) live in contentment and such as beg with due humility.)[Soorat-ul-Hajj ayah 36]
89. And seven people may share in one camel or cow.
90. And he who cannot afford a sacrificial animal should fast three days in Hajj and seven when he returns to his family, he may fast the three days of Tashreeq according to the hadith of 'Aa'ishah and Ibn 'Umar - may Allah be pleased with them - who said: "No permission was given for us to fast the days of Tashreeq except for those who could not afford a sacrificial animal.(87)
Tawaaf Ul Ifaadah
91. The he goes off that day to the Makkah and makes Tawaaf Al-Ifadah, if he stoned jamarat Al-aqabah and shaved his head then no need to wear Ihram any more.
92. And it is from the Sunnah to pray two ra'kahs behind the Station of Ibrahim
93. Then he makes saee between Safaa and Marwah as before - except for one doing Hajj of Qiraan or Ifraad - the first sa'ee being enough for them.
94. And after this tawaaf everything again becomes lawful for him that became unlawful due to iHraam - even the woman (sexual intercourse).
Staying Overnight At Minaa
95. Then he returns to Minaa and remains there for the days of Tashreeq and their nights.
96. And he stones the three Jamaraat with seven small stones in each of those days, he begins with small Jamrah, which is the nearest to Masjid - al-Khaif, and after stoning it he moves onward and stands facing the Qiblah for a long while making du'aa while raising his hands.(100)
97. Then he comes to the middle Jamarah and stones it in the same way, then he moves to the left and stands for a long while facing the Qiblah making du'aa while raising his hands.(101)
98. The he comes to the big Jamarah and it is Jamrat al-Aqabah - and he stones it in the same way - standing so that Ka'bah is to his left and Minaa to his right and does not stand there (makinfg du'aa) afterwards.(102)
99. Then on the second and third day he repeats stoning for all three Jamarat.
100. An if he leaves after stoning on the second day not remaining for the third day's stoning, then that is permissible as Allaah ta'ala says:
(Celebrate the praises of Allah during the Appointed Days, but if anyone hastens to leave in two days, there is no blame on him, and if anyone stays on, these is no blame on him if his aim is to do right,) However remaining for the third day's stoning is better as it is the Sunnah.(103)
101. And the Sunnah is to do the previous actions of Hajj in order: the stoning, then slaughter, then shaving the head, then Tawaaf of Ifaadah, the Sa'ee for the one doing Hajj at-Tamattu'; however if he brings something forward in the order or delays something in the order (doing things out of order) then that is permissible as the Prophet said: "There is no harm, there is no harm."
102. And regarding stoning, the following is allowed to those who have a valid excuse:
(a) The permission not to have to spend the night in Minaa according to the hadith of Ibn 'Umar: "Al 'Abbaas sought permission of Rasoolullah to spend the night of Minaa in Makkah as he was responsible for supplying Zamzam water there, so he gave him the permission."(104)
(b) To combine two days' stoning in one day, according to the hadith of 'Aasim ibn 'Adiyy who said: "Rasoolullah made concession for the camel drivers in Bairootah that they could stone on the Day of Sacrifice, the combine two days' stoning after that - performing it in one of the two days."(105)
(c) To perform the stoning at night as the Prophet said: The shepherded may stone at night, then look after his flock in the daytime.(106)
103. So after completing the stoning on the second day or third day of the days of Tashreeq - then he has completed the rites of Hajj and therefore returns to Makkah - and remains there for as long as Allaah has written for him to remain - and he should take care to perform the prayer with the congregation - especially in the Masjid-ul-Haraam, and a single prayer in the Masjid-ul-Haraam is better than a hundred thousand prayers in other mosques.(109)
The Farewell Tawaaf (Tawaaf Ul Wadaa)
104. So when he has finished all that he has to do and has decided to travel then he has to make a farewell Tawaaf of the house, as Ibn 'Abbas narrated: 'The people used to head off in every direction, the Prophet said: "None of you should depart until he makes as his last act Tawaaf of the House."(112)
105. It is permissible for women who have menstruated to leave without tawaf al-wada according to the hadith of Ibn 'Abbas: "That the Prophet gave concession for the menstruating women that she should depart before (Farewell) Tawaaf as long as she had made Tawaaf of Ifaadah."(114)
106. And he may carry away with him whatever he can of Zamzam water because of the blessing therein, as: "Rasoolullah used to carry it with him in water skins and containers - and he used to pour (it) upon the sick and give it to them to drink."(115) Further: "Before Makkah was conquered he used to send the message to Suhail ibn 'Amr: that he should bring Zamzam water for us and not leave it - so he would send to him two large bags full."(116)
133. So when he finishes the Tawaaf he leaves the mosque like the rest of the people - not walking backwards - and he leaves putting out his left foot first(117), saying: Allaahuma salli 'alla muhammadin wa sallim - allaahumma innee 'as'aluka min fadhlika
(O Allaah send blessings and peace upon Muhammad. O Allaah I ask You for Your bounty.)
Edited and revised
Manager of Editing and Translation
Jeddah Dawah Center